Main Marks Page:
Antique Porcelain Vintage Pottery Antique China Dinnerware Backstamps Marks & History G-L
Antiques and Collectibles Porcelain, Antique Pottery, Vintage China Dinnerware - Marks & History G - L
As time permits I will post additional marks and a bit of their history on these pages.
GDM Porcelain Marks and GDA Pottery Marks
You will find the GDA mark with many other porcelain manufacturer marks. GDM stands for Gerard, Dufraisseix and Morel. You will also see GDA marks. Click here to read about these marks. GDR is German Democratic Republic
Wm. D. Gates Pottery Marks
For Wm. D. Gates marked porcelain see American Terra Cotta Co.
Gladding, Mc Bean Pottery Mark
Gladding, McBean and Co.; Glendale and Los Angeles, CA.; 1875 - 1984. Charles Gladding, Peter McGill McBean and George Chambers (all of Chicago). This company was originally started to make sewer pipes, the 3 men were
drawn to California by the discovery of fire clay deposits in the town of Lincoln. From sewer pipes they branched out into, hollow tile (1890), face brick for building (1891), roof tile (1893) enamel brick (1899), vitrified brick (1902) and coated brick (1915). Manufacturing terra cotta to be used as a building material was first done in the U.S. in 1884. Gladding, McBean terra cotta products were known worldwide.
Tropico Pottery was started in 1904 to make faience and floor tile, they later crafted a line of garden ware. Gladding McBean and Co. acquired this pottery in 1923 and combined the exsisting garden ware line with their own line being made. From April 1935 to December 1937 the Tropico Pottery also produced a line of artware and mixing bowls which became part of the Franciscan product line.
Catalina Ware and Catalina Art Ware were originally made by Santa Catalina Island Co., Avalon, CA. It can be identified by numbers with the letter "C", the Catalina glazes have the letters "CA" and numbers. In 1937, Gladding, McBean & Co. purchased the Catalina Island Co. Early wares have "Catalina" inscribed into the piece. Later, after the acquisition the mark was changed to a stamped mark. In 1947, the Catalina mark was dropped.
In 1934, the company began manufacturing
dinnerware and art pottery marketed under the name Franciscan Ware. The first pieces were plain shapes with bright colors. Later, pastel colors were added as were graceful shapes. Franciscan has 3 distinct lines; Masterpiece China is a high quality translucent fine china; Earthenware, has a variety of decals and hand painted decorations and Whitestone Ware, an ironstone or white earthenware (first made in 1934). El Patio, was the first dinnerware pattern created. The place settings were
available in six solid colors and were accompanied by casseroles and mixing bowls. . El Patio was made in 20 different solid-colors and over 103 shapes. Cups and bowl handles have a pretzel-like shape.
Coronado, another well known solid-color patterns, first produced in 1936. Also called "Swirl" due to the spiral shape molded into the pottery, Coronado was decorated in both satin matte and glossy glazes.
In 1940, the company introduced its first decal cream-colored dinnerware,
the Apple pattern. In 1941, the ever popular Desert Rose was introduced. Desert Rose was the most popular dinnerware pattern made by Gladding, McBean & Co. I am working on a timeline of pattern introductions, there are a lot of patterns so it may take sometime.
Gladding, McBean and Co. operated until 1962, when it merged with Lock Joint Pipe Co. and formed what was known as Interpace Corporation. However, in 1976 Interpace announced their intention to cease operations at the Lincoln
plant. After so many years, no one ever expected to lose "the Pottery". At this crucial time, Pacific Coast Building Products emerged to purchase the company and restore the famous name of Gladding, McBean. They continue to produce terra cotta building products, tile, and garden ware items.
Marks you will find on these wares: Rancho, Franciscan, Contours, Color-Seal, Encore, Starburst, GMB, F in a square, Gladding, McBean & Co. Franciscan China, Franciscan Earthenware
(this will have any of the company names across the top and the line of tableware), Pullman Co., SP Co, Pueblo Pottery, El Camino China, California Manor, Tiffany Arcadia Gold ** there are a great number of marks and several variations on the marks, please consult a marks book or this website to see a specific mark - http://www.gmcb.com/franciscan/html/library/brochures/brochure_factory_marks.htm
W. H. Grindley & Co Pottery Marks and Backstamps
The W H
Grindley & Co operated in Tunstall England from 1880 to 1991. This mark is for a bowl that I have in the Creek pattern. The company was founded by William Harry Grindley at the Newfield Pottery in Tunstall, Stoke-on-Trent. Wares were made primarily for export to the U.S. and other markets. In 1891 the company moved to the Woodfield Pottery. In 1960 the business was purchased by Alfred Clough Ltd. In 1978 renamed Grindley of Stoke (ceramics) Ltd. Federated Potteries Co. Ltd. took them
over in 1982 and in 1988 the business was repurchase by W. H. Grindley. In 1991 they were taken over by Woodlands Pottery.
Other W.H. Grindley Marks used: W.H. Grindley had an Ivory backstamp which usually incorporates a registration number.
You will see early marks showing a printed mark of a globe and steamer boat. The top banner will have the pattern name and the lower banner will say W.H. Grindley & Co. along with a town name or Ltd.
Marks with the town name "TUNSTALL" indicate a date prior to 1891.
Marks with "LTD" indicate a date 1925 onwards.
The use of "ENGLAND" in the mark indicates a date of 1891 onwards
W.H. Grindley England in a wreath mark is circa 1914-1925
Masted sailing ship or tall boat mark is circa 1936-54, it says Grindley under the ship
Masted sailing ship or tall boat in a shield with crown above is circa 1954 onwards
More current pieces will have the
Grindley name in an ornate floral and vintae circular type mark, W.H. Grindely & Co. Ltd., the pattern name is generally above the mark.
Royal Tudor marks are from 1978 onward.
H. A & L Pottery or China Mark
According to Lois Lehner's book, this mark was used by Harold J. Maloney of Kalamazoo, MI from February, 1961 to 1985. It was used on ceramics, art objects and small tableware items such as jugs, cups, saucers, etc.
The following information came from a bulletin
board announcing his passing in August of 1985, he had been living in Washington at the time. Mr. Maloney had been an Air Force pilot and ZLA controller as well as a talented artist. For the past 21 years, he had been teaching as an Associate Professor of Aeronautics and Aviation Science at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University extended campus at McChord AFB.
Harker Pottery Mark and History
The Harker Pottery Co. - East Liverpool, OH and Chester, WV - 1840 to 1972. The Harker Pottery Co. was
one of the longest producing potteries in the US. It was established in 1840 in East Liverpool, OH, and later moved its facilities to Chester, WV in 1931. The Harker Pottery was sold to the Jeanette Glass Co. in 1969, but did not last long and closed its doors shortly afterward in 1972. Harker Pottery has a very interesting history and I suggest Lois Lehner's Encyclopedia of US Marks if you are interested in reading all of it.
mark that is seen quite often is the bow and arrow with the words "semi porcelain" and H.P.CO. Sometimes the initials are in script and can be above or below the graphic. Harker produced a number of wares such as: Cameo ware (1940's), Quaker Maid (1960's to close), Harkerware, Hotoven (1930's & 1940's), Bakerite (kitchen accessories), Whitechapel and several others. Most are marked with Harker or variations there of. The mark shown is from the 1950's.
Hazel Atlas Glass Co.
Hazel-Atlas Glass Company Wheeling, WV; Clarksburg, WV; other sites
(Hazel Glass Company, Continental Can Company, Brockway Glass Company, Anchor Hocking)1902 – 1987 The Hazel-Atlas Glass Company was established in Washington,
Pennsylvania in 1902 as a result of the merger of Hazel Glass Company and neighboring Atlas Glass and Metal Company (Atlas Cap Company?). Corporate offices were later established at Wheeling, West Virginia. Eventually Hazel-Atlas had factories producing machine-made pressed glass located across the United States, including Oakland, California, Buffalo, New York, and Ada, Oklahoma. Although the company's original production was utilitarian glass, in the 1920s and 1930s it became one of the
largest producers of inexpensive glassware for household use. In 1956, Continental Can Company purchased Hazel-Atlas, which became the tableware division of Continental Can Company. In 1964 Continental Can Company sold Hazel Atlas factories to the Brockway Glass Company as part of a lawsuit settlement. The six plants produced mostly glass containers. In 1972, Brockway bought the Clarksburg, West Virginia, Hazel-Atlas plant and continued to produce Hazel-Ware. In 1977 Brockway Glass sold the
Clarksburg plant to Anchor Hocking. In 1987 Anchor Hocking closed the Clarksburg Plant. The Hazel-Atlas plant burned just one week after being sold to a local businessman; it was torn down in 2001.
This is the mark for Homco which I believe is
Home Interiors. I don't have any further information on this company or this mark. It is a modern piece probably circa 1980.
Hutschenreuther (Selb Bavaria) Porcelain Factory
This mark was used from 1920-1967
Hutschenreuther - Hohenberg
(Germany - Bavaria) Founded in 1814 - present Founder: Carl Magnus Hutschenreuther - This factory was set up by Carl Magnus Hutschenreuther, a porcelain painter previously working at the Wallendorf factory. After his death in 1845 the factory was lead by his widow, Frau Johanna Hutschenreuther and sons. From 1860 they produced luxurious and gilded porcelains with careful hand painting. A large part of the works was destroyed by fire in 1848 but rebuilt. Even today the
"Porzellanfabrik C.M. Hutschenreuter is one of the greatest porcelain factories in Germany. The firm of L. Hutschenreuther at Selb Bavaria was founded by Carl's sons Lorenz and Christian around 1856. The mark for C.M. Hutschenreuther is a shield with a crown over it and the initials C M H R in the shield. L Hutschenreuther's mark is as above and the initials JHR Hutschenreuther Selb as well as the lion mark. In the early part of the 20th century, Hutschenreuther grew quickly by absorbing factories at Altrohlau (1909), Arzburg (1918) and Tirschenreuth (1927). The branches of the company were united in 1969. Hutschenreuther was a trendsetter and enabled Germany to gain an excellent reputation in the European china industry. The Hutschenreuther "Mark of the Lion" is a symbol of excellence that continues to this day. It is now known as Hutschenreuther AG.
International Brotherhood of Pottery or International Brotherhood of Operative Potters
I get numerous questions about pieces
marked with a pottery company mark and also the International Brotherhood of Pottery or International Brotherhood of Operative Potters mark. International Brotherhood of Pottery was started in East Liverpool, Ohio in 1890 and was chartered by the AFL in 1899. In 1904 they merged with the Potters National Union which is still in existence.
The following companies had a membership in the I.B.P. around 1935: American Limoges China Co.,
Buffalo Pottery, Canonsburg Pottery, Cronin China Co., Crooksville China Co., Crown Potteries, French Saxon China Co., W.S. Georges Pottery, Hall China, Harker Pottery, Edwin M. Knowles, Homer Laughlin, Mayer China, D.E. McNichol, Paden City Pottery, Pope-Gosser, Salem China, Southern Potteries, Sterling China, Steubenville China, Taylor, Smith and Taylor, Universal Potteries, Walker China Co., Wellsville China Co. and Brush Pottery. If your piece has this mark it simply means that the
pottery was a member of the "union"
Ivory Mark or Backstamp
Many pieces of vintage and antique china and porcelain dinnerware as well as other items often have the "Ivory" name on them. Here is an explanation of that mark. Click Here for Ivory Mark Information
J & C Bavaria Porcelain Mark - Jaeger & Co. Porcelain Mark
Jaeger started in 1898 with Fritz Thomas, they formed a partnership that lasted until 1902. Thomas left and founded his own factory, which eventually became a subsidiary of
Rosenthal. Jaeger continued in operation until 1979 at which time it was sold to the Italian company Sebring in Casier, Italy. The name was changed to Jaeger Porzellan GMBH
The mark for this company is generally the same, on occasion the pattern name will be across the top or an import company name or initials on the bottom.
Johnson Brothers - Several Marks
In 1883 at a small factory called Charles Street Works in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, England the two sons of Robert Johnson, Frederick and Alfred, established a partnership called Johnson Brothers for the manufacture of durable Earthenware, which they called "White Granite". In 1888, the elder brother Henry joined forces. In addition to manufacturing well-potted white ware, they began
producing under-glaze printed ware for which they became famous.
Due to the increased demand for pottery after the Civil War, they opened up two new factories in Hanley close to their original factory. By 1898, they had five different factories producing tableware. In 1899 and 1909, new mills were constructed to supply Johnson Brother's own factories and outside customers in the trade with prepared Flint and Cornish stone for use in pottery bodies.
A fourth brother, Robert,
had joined the company by 1896 and set up an office in New York City. He traveled across the country with dinnerware samples in order to further stimulate the demand for Johnson Brother's products in North America. Alfred left the company by this time, while the sons of the founders began to become involved. With the new efforts from the family members, they began to concentrate on expansion efforts, overseas markets and the improvement of business methods. By 1913, they began to focus
their efforts on the German market where they opened a plant for production to increase business and for a reduction in labor and freight rates. This project was terminated at the start of World War I and was never to be reestablished in later years. During the war period from 1914-18, business became extremely limited due to a large majority of the labor force joining the Forces and the danger of naval transportation.
At the start of the Twenties, new shapes, patterns, and bodies were
introduced and the "Dawn" range of colored bodies began for which Johnson Brothers became very well known. New methods were developed for making holloware items which allowed for a more rapid production over the old method of using pressed clay. At the end of the Twenties, the grandsons of the founders entered the business.
The Thirties brought the closure of the Charles Street Works, the original factory. It was not until the mid-Thirties that the new factories got under
full production. A new mold-making department and making shops accompanied the construction of the electric kiln.
During the second world war there was a delay in the construction of the new Tunnel Kilns which was resumed and linked with plans to improve production processes afterwards.
In 1981, Johnson Brothers started to produce Eternal Beau, the best selling earthenware pattern ever - an octagonal plate with a border of pale flowers and ribbons. However, in 1968 Johnson
Brothers had already been swallowed up by Wedgwood, which was then tirelessly acquiring smaller potteries. By 1990 Wedgwood was made up of 18 companies, and had itself been taken over by Waterford Crystal.
KPM Mark - Germany KPM Mark
There are quite a few companies that used / use the KPM mark. Krister ( 1939-1945), Konigliche Porzellan Manufaktur Germany, circa 1700, used a blue KPM underglaze mark. View pictures of KPM marks
KWK or WKK Keramos Austria Mark
The above mark is not very clear but it is on an amazing porcelain figurine (you can see a larger photo by clicking on the link as well as the figurine). It took me quite sometime to find the information on this mark too.
The WKW is actually Wiener Kunst-Keramik (Wiener Kunst-Keramik und Porzellanmanufaktur AG (1920 - ). The word Keramos comes from the Greek word "Kerameus" and letterly means making pots with
clay (Kerameus = potter).
Vienna has a long porcelain tradition. After Meissen, Vienna is the second European location where quality hard porcelain was and still is manufactured. But now back to the Vianese Keramos. Here, several well known artists worked, for instance Otto Prutscher, was taught by Josef Hoffmann of the Wiener WerkstĂ¤ttedie on the Kunstgewerbeschule, where he later became a professor. The sculpturers Klabena and Anton
Klieber (of the famous putto's and lovely depiction's of the four seasons).
Kerafina Porcelain Mark - KPM Royal Porzellan
Kerafina Porcelain Factory in Marktredwitz, a city in Bavaria, Germany 1950 - present. At some point they began producing toilets and other bathroom ceramics.
Edwin M. Knowles Mark
Edwin M. Knowles, Newell (first plant) and Chester, West Virginia 1900 to 1963. Founded by the son of Issac Knowles, one of the founders of Knowles, Taylor & Knowles, across the river from East Liverpool, OH. In 1931 Knowles sold the Chester plant to
Harker Pottery and moved his manufacturing to nearby Newell, WV. The Edwin M. Knowles China Company went out of business in 1963. The mark shown here was used in the early 1920's and is the mark that is on the floral dinnerware we have for sale. Other marks might say; "vitreous", "goldina", "E.M.K.", and there is one that simply says Knowles that does belong to this company -vs- Knowles, Taylor & Knowles (KTK). How to Date Edwin M. Knowles Vintage China Dinnerware
When certain Edwin M. Knowles marks were used: To 1925 - "Edwin Knowles Ivory"; Late 1920's -Nile(green), Roma (yellow), and Old Rose (pink); From the 1920's to 1929-1930 and then returned in 1939 for a few years The vase with the words "Vitreous" (white institutional ware) or
"Semi-Vitreous". 1930/1931 - The ship backstamp has been used by itself, but usually has the shape name in either script or block letters beneath it. 1940 - Replaced the ship with a "K" in an oval backstamp.
There are many modern day collectibles such as plates, dolls and figurines that include the mark "Edwin M. Knowles America's Oldest Name in Fine China 1854 Newell, W. Virginia USA" or similar markings with the Knowles
name. These are sold by the Bradford Exchange and most of these items do not increase in value over the short term, if at all. You need to research books/ magazines on these modern collectibles on the secondary market to place a value on them. A "box and papers" is key with these a newer items. eBay is also a good source to see what the going price is on these items.
Knowles Taylor & Knowles (KTK) - There are numerous KTK marks, this is only one of them
Knowles, Taylor and Knowles aka KTK East Liverpool, Ohio. Was in operation from 1854 to 1931. In 1929 K.T.K was one of eight companies that formed the American China Corporation. But due to the depression this little venture didn't last very long. Lotus Ware was created in the 1890's when an Irish potter was brought over to the company. Lotus Ware was not made for long because it was so fragile and expensive to manufacture. K.T.K has several marks
that they used on their dinnerware. You will find some pieces marked with only the name of a state (Wyoming, Utah, Florida, etc.). Most will say K.T.&K or spell out the name Knowles, Taylor & Knowles. The mark shown here was used from the mid 1920's on dinnerware.
** The new collector's plates with the Knowles marks were issued by Bradford Exchange. For information on these pieces and prices please use a book or magazine that references modern collectibles. You will find these in the library or large chain bookstore. I am not the "company" nor affiliated with them in anyway. I resell very few of these plates and other items as they do not retain their value on the secondary market. These were mass produced and are not rare.
Lamberton Works - Lamberton Scammell
Lamberton Works was started in Trenton, New Jersey in 1869 by 3 Quakers - George Comfort, Thomas Bell and Jonathan Stewart. The area they were in was Port of Lamberton. In 1892 they
were bought by the Maddock Pottery Company. The Thomas Maddock and Sons Lamberton works in Trenton, NJ branched off in 1924, and the name was changed to Scammell China Company. Thank you Laura for the Lamberton Maddocks Mark.
Homer Laughlin China Marks
Homer Laughlin China Company et al, Newell, West Virginia; 1869 - This company began with a partnership between Laughlin and Nathaniel Simms in the production of yellow creamware and stoneware in East Liverpool, Ohio. Simms left the company and Laughlin's brother Shakespeare joined Laughlin in the production of white graniteware (ironstone) and porcelain, they were known as the Laughlin Brother's. In 1897, the company name
became the Homer Laughlin Company, as it is today. They were producing hotel china around the turn of the century known as Best China. By 1959 - 1985 the hotel china was being produced full-time and the company is still considered one of the leaders in the field. In 1905 another plant, considered the largest in the world, was built in Newell, West Virginia.
To illustrate the longevity of this great American Company look at this lineage: William E.
Wells (1863-1931) began working at Homer Laughlin in East Liverpool, OH as a bookkeeper in 1889. He was one of the four who purchased the factory in 1897. He held various positions at the company and served as general manager and secretary at the time of his retirement in 1930. His son, Joseph M. Wells, assumed his duties at the factory. Joseph M. Wells (1889-1970) served as general manager and secretary until his retirement in 1959. Joseph M. Wells, Jr. (b. 1915) assumed the duties of
general manager from his father in 1959. Joseph M. Wells, III (b. 1941) became the fourth generation of his family to serve as president and general manager of Homer Laughlin, a position he continues to hold today.
The Aaron family acquired their interest in Homer Laughlin at the same time as William E. Wells, in 1897. Louis I. Aaron (1857-1919) served as president until 1910. Louis had two sons, Marcus (1869-1954) and Charles I. (1872-1947). Marcus became president upon the retirement
of his father in 1910 and served until 1940. Charles I. never married and served as vice president from 1910 until his death. Marcus L. Aaron (1900-1994), son of Marcus Aaron, claimed his father's role as president and continued in the leadership from 1940 until 1989. Marcus Aaron, II (b. 1929) succeeded his father as president in 1989.
In 2002, the near 105 year old two-family partnership ended when, in a friendly acquisition, the Wells family acquired the interest of the Aaron
family. Both families had actively worked together for over a century and four generations. Amazingly, Joe Wells, III was quoted as saying "Our families have never had an argument, ever, as far as I know." An amazing testimony and perhaps part of the "secret to their success." With this June 2002 transfer, Joe Wells, long the Executive VP and company General Manager, became the new President of Homer Laughlin. For Homer
Laughlin china pattern information and dating Homer Laughlin china
Lefton China Mark
Lefton China Company - George Zolton - was founded in Chicago, Illinois in the 1940's and is still in operation. They distribute ceramic giftware made overseas and some American made products such as wooden ware and metal cups and saucers. Some of the items made between 1945 and 1953 were marked "Occupied Japan" as required
by law. Some pieces made in the 1950's had the year of copyright placed below the trademark but usually any number found is the item id number. If the number is preceded by a letter this indicates the factory it was made in. The Lefton "mark" shown is a paper label but they also used stamps and other methods of placing the Lefton backstamp on items.
Leigh Potters, Inc.
Leigh Potters Inc. Alliance, Ohio 1926 - 1931. In 1926 Leigh Potters bought out the Crescent China Co. which had been started by one of the Sebring Brothers. Several Sebring's were employed in one way or another at Leigh so many of the wares have a Sebring Pottery look to them. They made dinnerware, kitchenware and a line of decorative
pottery called Leigh Art Ware. The depression brought the operation to a standstill in 1931 and the factory remained closed for 9 years until it was purchased by the Alliance Manufacturing Company. All of the marks I have seen say Leigh Potters or Leigh Ware in the mark.
Leigh Potters made a line that they called artware including "Jazz" bookends. The Aristocrat shape had three concentric lines impressed around the shoulder and was in the Sears
1936 catalog with a Devon Point decoration.
Leuchtenburg Germany Mark
Leuchtenburg Germany Mark - Lehmann & Sohn, G. A., Porzellanfabrik in Kahla.
Owner: Kommerzienrat Carl August Lehman amd Paul Zierold Products: Fine porcelain for export and local use. Factory History: 1885-1895 porcelain painting, 1895 Porcelain manufacturer. I do not know if they are still in operation or not, I had to translate this information from German to English.
There were several companies in America that used Limoges in their mark or backstamp. One of them was the Ohio China Co. of East Palestine, Ohio (1890-1912) used a mark in the early 1900's that said Limoges with OCCO above and Porcelain below.
Limoges Porcelain Mark (French Limoges)
Limoges porcelain has been made in Limoges, France since the mid-nineteenth century. Wonderful porcelains were
made by many factories including Haviland, Ahrenfeldt, Guerin and others. During the 19th century in the Limoges region, there were approximately 32 factories and 62 decorating studios. The number of factories increased to 48 by 1920. Each factory had its own porcelain and decorating marks. Many had several different marks that were used during their porcelain production years. Currently there are more than 400 known marks to identify factories that produced and decorated Limoges. One of
the best known is the Haviland factory. Other examples are the Jean Pouyat (J.P.L.) and Tressemann & Vogt (T&V) factories. To answer one of the most asked questions: Many of these factory marks do not include the word "Limoges" or "France." Today, Limoges is still considered the mecca for hard-paste porcelain in France, and there are about 40 factories currently in production exporting table china, dinnerware sets, and Limoges boxes. To
place a value on your French Limoges porcelain you will need to visit an appraiser in person or online or your local library and find a book specializing in Limoges Porcelain, there are several very good ones. Shown is just one of many Limoges marks. If you need more details please visit your local library to research your particular French Limoges mark. The information here is basic.
Still need more info on the Limoges mark? Click Here and find out about Limoges Depose, France GDA, Porcelaines, Haviland, Elite France, MR France and several other French Limoges related marks. I also have important information about the PMC France mark and PRC France or Limoges mark.
Lipper and Mann Mark
Above Mark - The little paper label says Lipper
and Mann, the text above says Great Composer Series an the crossed arrows mark. Lipper International originally started as Lipper & Mann and became organized in April 1946 as importers of fine glass & ceramic items. Their wares were imported from Czechoslovakia and other European countries. Lipper and Mann had a showroom on the seventh floor at 225 Fifth Avenue, New York. Mr. Lipper, Mr. Mann and several sales representatives sold merchandise to leading department stores,
independent shops, jewelry stores and home furnishing stores. Merchandise was shipped from overseas factories to their warehouse at East 29th street, New York. In 1947, items were also imported from Japan such as figurines, porcelain tea cups & saucers, tea kettles and dinnerware sets in porcelain, earthenware and other tableware serving items. The Blue Danube pattern of fine translucent porcelain dinnerware, which is under-glazed decorated, was developed in 1951. Blue Danube was distributed in the United States, Canada, Central America and parts of Europe. In addition, six patterns of genuine stoneware made in Japan were produced from 1952 – 1968. In October 1963 Mr. Lipper purchased full interest of the company from Mr. Mann and the corporate name was changed to Lipper International, Inc. The warehouse at the time was located at 22nd and 3rd Avenue and employed a warehouse manager, a dozen warehouse workers and half a dozen bookkeepers. Lipper International has continuously distributed Blue Danube fine china up until the present time. They have the patent on the border of the Blue Danube, which was designed by Mr. Lipper himself and the Blue Danube name is also copyrighted in the U.S. patent office. ** I did just read where Lipper International has sold the Blue Danube rights to another company. *** Info from the Lipper International website
Antique Porcelain Vintage Pottery China Dinnerware Marks & History G - L - Antique Collectible
Resource; Antique Marks and History, Porcelain Marks, Pottery Backstamps